We have been celebrating January 26 as the Republic Day. The Constitution of India, which has come into existence on January 26, 1950 abolished the dominion status of India, rejected the British crown and declared India as a full-fledged Democratic Republic.
Indian Constitution is one of the biggest constitutions of the World and is the most valuable gift from Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to the nation and its people. It has become necessary to overcome the painful colonial past. The Constitution has given Directive Principles for the nation, with definite goals to be achieved by implementing them. It has given us democracy, secularism and equality to all the citizens irrespective of religion, caste, creed and language. By incorporating socialism through an amendment, the goal for socialism is also included. Our Constitution has given us freedom of faith, freedom of expression and abolished untouchability, defining it as a punishable offence.
The Indian Constitution has given clarity and paved the way for secular democracy in the country by dividing the authority among the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, with checks and counter-checks among the three and autonomous status to Judiciary.
It went on alright for almost six-and-a-half decades, though Directive Principles are not taken up seriously by the ruling parties. The ‘Democratic, Secular Socialist Republic’ has forgotten socialism as its goal and after 1992, in the post-Soviet collapse development, with the emergence of unilateral world led by US adopted globalisation, liberalisation and privatisation. This has led to the fast growth of corporate capitalism and of late crony capitalism, paving way for concentration of wealth in the hands of a few and looting crores of people pushing them to utter poverty.
After the BJP government led by Narendra Modi has come to power at the Centre in 2014, consistent efforts are being made to sabotage the Constitution in letter and spirit.
Suffocating the Judiciary
After the new government led by Narendra Modi has taken over, the Judiciary is being pushed to the wall. The fine balance between the Executive and Judiciary is thrown to the wind. Our Judiciary does not have enough number of judges from the high courts up to the Supreme Court. Names recommended by the highest court are kept pending for years together and the Executive demands the right to appoint the judges according to its priority and choice.
The Legislature is almost totally ignored. Parliament meets very few days and the government through its provocative bubbling tactics, does not allow the proceedings and throws blame on the opposition. The prime minister wants the Legislature to stand up and applaud all that what he says, instead of a proper meaningful debate on bills and people’s issues.
Abraham Lincoln defined democracy as the ‘government of the people, by the people, for the people’. Today it has become the ‘government of Narendra Modi by the RSS and for corporate houses’. People are nowhere. This is nothing but sabotaging the Indian Constitution and its guidelines.
Secularism at Stake
The Right to faith and Freedom of religion are being attacked by the Sangh Parivar for a long time but once they have come to power they are utilising the government machinery, on one side to create poisonous communalism, harassing the minorities and on the other side pressurising and influencing the media to propagate its Goebbelsian lies.
All those who are opposed to the RSS ideology and its pro-fascist agenda are being branded as anti-nationals. Patriotism has become the monopoly of Hindutva forces in the country. In the name of cow protection, Muslim minorities and Dalits are targeted, attacked and killed. An atmosphere of terror is being unleashed all over the country.
Universities are attacked by anti-social elements led by ABVP, targeting Dalit students. Rohith Vemula committed suicide because he could not withstand the discrimination and victimisation. It is done by the university Vice Chancellor at the dictates of ABVP. Ambedkar-Pule Study Circle was banned in IIT, Chennai. Students’ journal was banned in Pondicherry University.
Kanhaiya Kumar in JNU was arrested and targeted because he exposed the Sangh Parivar’s atrocious activities. They tried to physically harm him and branded him as anti-national. Freedom of speech was another target. Tamil writer Murugan was forced by Sangh gangs to apologise for what he had written 30 years back.
Scientists, journalists, writers, artists and economists are being attacked for returning their awards in protest. Self-appointed cow protection groups, cow vigilante groups have spread terror all over the country and the BJP government in Maharashtra banned beef.
Dalits in Una in Gujarat were beaten up and tortured in public with a false accusation that they had killed cows, while they were skinning a dead cow at the request of the owner of the cow. When the Dalits in anger refused to skin the dead animals they were threatened. Dalit children were burnt alive in Haryana and it was termed by a BJP central cabinet minister as like a stray dog getting killed after being hit by a stone.
Common civil code is brought into debate to provoke Muslim minorities to consolidate the vote of majority community. Adivasis in millions are thrown out of their lands and houses for projects and mines of corporates. Adivasi people are denied democratic rights in Bastar where the BJP government is ruling with iron fist. False cases are being foisted on university professors, teachers, and journalists. All democratic rights are being denied to people, particularly the tribals. There is police raj. It is in the light of such unprecedented onslaughts on our constitution by the Sangh Parivar and its affiliates with the blessings of Prime Minister Narendra Modi that the last meeting of the National Council of the Communist Party of India held in December 2016 at Hyderabad decided to observe this year’s republic day as ‘Save Constitution Day’.
Reservations to SC, ST, OBCs are opposed by the Sangh Parivar since long, accusing that it is vote bank politics. Now some upper castes in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Haryana are organising themselves demanding reservations. This will ultimately pave the way for cancellation of all reservations, which will deny the small guarantee to the downtrodden sections of Indian society. RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat and his second lieutenant are repeatedly demanding for a review of caste-based reservations. If the discrimination was based on caste how the reservation can be denied to the victims, who suffered for centuries.
The economic policies of the BJP government are pro-corporate, pro-rich and anti-poor. Only meagre budget allocations are made for MGNREGS, education, health and other welfare activities. Corporate tax is reduced from 30 per cent to 25 per cent and still further reduction is planned. Service tax is increased by another three per cent including surcharges raising it to 15 per cent. Demonetisation is a direct attack on the poor people of the country.
The concentration of wealth is abnormally increased during the last two years of Modi government and 58 per cent of wealth is in the hands of top one per cent of the population. Where is the equality? Where is the welfare society? Every single provision of the Constitution in favour of the people is being tarnished by Modi and his colleagues.
The Republic Day is the proper occasion for us to raise our voice in defence of the Constitution of India, which is targeted by the Sangh Parivar. It has no right to refuse the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution to the people of India, who created it. The game plan should be fought back. We must with all our might defend the Constitution of India.
Let us pledge for it! Let us fight for it!!
Source: CPI via Solidnet / RedGlobe