The Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN) approved on Thursday the annual Resolution on unilateral coercive measures, which draft was presented by Ambassador Jorge Valero, permanent representative of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela before this multilateral forum based in Geneva, on behalf of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (Mnoal).
The project, entitled “The negative repercussions of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights”, was adopted with 27 votes in favor, 15 against and 5 abstentions.
The text has incorporated new elements to strengthen the Resolution on the matter approved by the Human Rights Council last year, and reiterate the strong position of Mnoal against the imposition of unilateral coercive measures.
Ambassador Jorge Valero, in his rigorous speech, he made special reference to the Political Declaration of New York adopted on September 20, 2017 -in a meeting chaired by the Venezuelan Foreign Minister, Jorge Arreaza-, in which the Foreign Ministers of Member States of the Movement approved: “Reaffirm their opposition to unilateralism and unilateral coercive measures imposed by certain States, including those of an economic, financial or commercial nature that are not in conformity with international law; the Charter of the United Nations, norms and principles that govern peaceful relations among states”.
In this same discursive line, the Venezuelan diplomat emphasized that the initiative seeks to highlight the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on human rights and development, as well as on international relations, trade, investment and cooperation.
A victory of multilateralism
The FM of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Jorge Arreaza, celebrated the adoption of this Resolution, which he considers has been a victory of multilateralism and the Bolivarian Diplomacy of Peace developed by the Venezuelan Government.
The Resolution adopted this Thursday by the Human Rights Council of the UN in its 40th ordinary session urges all States to stop adopting, maintaining or applying unilateral coercive measures contrary to international law, international humanitarian law, the Charter of the United Nations and the norms and principles that regulate peaceful relations between States, in particular measures of a coercive nature with extraterritorial effects, which create obstacles to trade relations between States.
Likewise, it strongly urges all States to refrain from imposing unilateral coercive measures and urges that these measures be eliminated, which are contrary to the Charter and to the norms and principles that regulate peaceful relations between States in all countries and in all levels.
The text strongly condemns the fact that certain Powers continue to apply and unilaterally enforce such measures as an instrument of political or economic pressure against any country.
The resolution also urges States to promote and preserve multilateralism and to adopt the necessary measures to strengthen bilateral, regional and international cooperation aimed at addressing the negative repercussions of unilateral coercive measures on the full enjoyment of all human rights.
The project was co-sponsored by Bahrain on behalf of the Arab Group, and Angola on behalf of the African Group.