Following a prolonged legal battle led by three human rights organizations, Gisha – Legal Center for Freedom of Movement, Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, and the Al-Mezan Center for Human Rights, Israel returned on July 1 a boat to a Gaza fisherman after seizing and holding it without legal authority for three years.
As part of the legal proceedings, the state also notified the Supreme Court two weeks ago that it will return another 65 boats and fishing vessels seized from Gaza fishermen within the next four months.
In a petition to Israel’s Supreme Court submitted in January on behalf of a fisherman from Gaza, Abdel Ma’ati Habil, whose boat was seized by the Israeli navy in September 2016 and returned to the Strip on July 1, Gisha, Adalah and Al Mezan demanded that Israel immediately return all boats seized from Gaza fishermen, along with their confiscated equipment.
In the past, Israel has returned boats to fishermen without the equipment that was on board at the time they were seized. In its response, dated June 13, Israel notified the court that it would return Habil’s boat “within two weeks” and that the process of returning the rest of the boats to the Strip, by sea, would be completed “in about four months.”
Habil’s boat sustained considerable damage from live fire during its seizure by the Israeli navy, and during the three years it was held, it did not receive any maintenance, to the point that it could not be returned to the Strip by sea. On Sunday, Israel transported the boat via land to Kerem Shalom Crossing. The boat’s journey from the crossing to the Gaza Port took another seven hours due to logistical challenges.
Israel restricts, and even prohibits, the entrance into Gaza of materials and equipment that it considers potentially “dual-use [i.e., can be used for military objectives],” including spare parts for boat engines and fiberglass, making it difficult to repair boats, including those damaged by the navy. Habil estimates that repairing the damage to his boat will cost over $45,000.
Israel routinely seizes boats from fishermen in Gaza and holds them for months, even years, without legal authority and in violation of international law. “This punitive, violent and illegal measure causes severe harm to the fishing industry and to Gaza’s economy, and must be stopped,” said Adalah.