The Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation (CPPC) expresses its deep concern with the growing military tension in the Persian Gulf promoted by the United States of America, which brought back the threat of a new US war of aggression, this time against Iran, following the US President Donald Trump’s announcement, on May of last year, of withdrawing the US from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on production of nuclear energy by the Islamic Republic of Iran, signed in July of 2015, between the US, China, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Iran. The execution of this agreement was monitored by the International Atomic Energy Agency, a UN organization, which was unanimous in attesting that Iran scrupulously fulfilled its part.

After that decision, the US decided to reinstate political and economic sanctions with an extra-territorial character —encompassing the export of oil and minerals, such as iron, steel, aluminium and copper— skirting and confronting international law, while laying bear their militaristic intentions. Concomitantly, on May 11th, under the pretext of a hypothetical Iranian threat to its interests and those of its regional allies, the US decided to reinforce their military presence in the Persian Gulf, sending the USS Arlington harbouring marines, amphibious vehicles and Patriot missiles, which was joined the nuclear aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln and its armed forces and weapons.

One of the most recent pretexts for the US military escalation were the ill-explained explosions in the oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz, which the US Administration immediately blamed on Iran, without any credible evidence to sustain the accusation. The US President even announced he had been close to launching a military attack against Iran.

Following the United Kingdom’s illegal capture of an oil tanker in Gibraltar, and Iran’s response rushing an oil tanker in the Strait of Hormuz, the US and UK have sought to promote the creation of an alleged “international coalition”, under the pretext of guaranteeing the circulation of ships in this strait. If this objective is achieved, this would further increase the military presence in the region and the risks of a new military conflict of large proportions.

After the wars of aggression against Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and Yemen, and the peoples of the Middle East, such as the Palestinian people, we are presented with more lies, interference and aggression by the US and its allies. The truth is that the US aims, once again to install in Iran a regime subservient to its hegemonic interests, which will give it access to the exploration of the immense wealth in that Middle Eastern country.

The CPPC demonstrates its concern with the evolution of the situation in the Middle East, in particular the growing US threats of aggression against Iran. Recognizing the dangers to peace are real, the CPPC appeals to the intervention of all peace lovers to defend the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law as a guardian of peace and the basis for relations among States and peoples —the only form of avoiding the imposition of violence and war in international relations.

CPPC appeals to the end of the illegal US sanctions against Iran and demands that the Portuguese Government, through its action, namely with international bodies and the countries involved, contribute with the necessary diplomatic efforts to avoid the escalation of war and promote the respect of International Law in a region already so scourged as the Middle East.
31 July 2019
CPPC National Leadership


World Peace Council